Scala partial function literal

In Scala there’s no literal for partial function types. You have to give the exact signature of the PartialFunction

Though I personally prefer to use type ascription bacause you can define and lift in the same place if needed.

It’s unwieldy, but I’ve learned to live with it.

But lately someone (can’t remember who – sorry!) told me that you don’t need a literal because you can write your own type alias and use it with infix operator concise syntax.


Changing the directory for Vagrant boxes

The successfully downloaded Vagrant boxes are located at ~/.vagrant.d/boxes on Mac/Linux System and %USERPROFILE%/.vagrant.d/boxes on Windows. This can be changed by setting an environment variable named VAGRANT_HOME to specify the location of .vagrant.d, as in VAGRANT_HOME=F:\.vagrant.d

# Windows
# current terminal session
set VAGRANT_HOME=F:\.vagrant.d
# current user environment
setx VAGRANT_HOME F:\.vagrant.d
# system wide environment
setx VAGRANT_HOME F:\.vagrant.d /M

VAGRANT_HOME is documented here along with other interesting options.

Slick i otwarte sterowniki do komercyjnych baz

W wersji 2.0 Slicka firma Typesafe usunęła sterowniki (profile) do komercyjnych baz (Oracle, IBM DB2 i Microsoft SQL Server) i zaczęła pobierać za nie opłaty. Był to ruch w pełni legalny z punktu widzenia licencji BSD and Apache OSS ale  jednocześnie bardzo irytujący – nie tyle ze względu na koszty ile biurokratyczne wyzwania związane z uzyskaniem  zgody na zakup jakiejkolwiek dodatkowych licencji w typowym projekcie . Ruch ten spotkał się ostrą krytyką i zaowocował powstaniem sterowników wspieranych przez społeczność i dostępnych na licencji Copyleft (LGPL) – FreeSlick.

Monitoring WildFly Using BTrace

Today I was hoping to use BTrace to track a rather anoying bug in web application running inside WildFly application server. I’ve used BTrace some times in the past and my experience was nothing but positive. Until today, that is.

Probe deployment caused  a myriad of exceptions inside application server coming from instrumented classes  and all caused by missing btrace runtime.   The classloader separation of the AS getting in my way! I know a thing or two about classloading in WildFly, so I decided to add btrace  to system packages(just like Byteman)


To my suprise, it wasn’t the end of the story because now my btrace script was unavailable

java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: TracingScript$1 from [Module "" from Service Module Loader]
	at org.jboss.modules.ModuleClassLoader.findClass(
	at org.jboss.modules.ConcurrentClassLoader.performLoadClassUnchecked(
	at org.jboss.modules.ConcurrentClassLoader.performLoadClass(
	at org.jboss.modules.ConcurrentClassLoader.loadClass(
	... 120 more

My solution was to place tracing script in non-root package btrace.scripts

package btrace.scripts;

import com.sun.btrace.*;
import com.sun.btrace.annotations.*;
import static com.sun.btrace.BTraceUtils.*;

public class TracingScript {

and add the package itself to system packages


which finally made it work. Now, back to the problem at hand.

JMS bridge between WildFly instances

I was recently trying to set up JMS bridge between two standalone WildFly instances, each running on different machine. The whole experience turned out to be less straightforward than I had anticipated and I decided I should share the solution here to hopefully help others.

The solution

It turns out that to configure JMS bridge for remote servers credentials need to be specified twice. The username and password must be added to the context to allow JNDI registry lookup and then again in destination configuration. The user referred in <user> tag must be registered in ApplicationRealm with permission to consume/send messages (depending on whether source or target is remote endpoint)

The problem

Before connection to JMS queue can be established , JMS bridge must first  lookup remote objects  (queues and connection factories) by their JDNI names. When both bridge and remote broker are running on the same machine no authentication is required, but for truly remote  lookup to succeed valid credentials are needed. It’s worth mentioning that the user used for JDNI lookup can be different from the one used for creating the JMS connection and doesn’t need permission to modify queue.

Failure to provide credentials in context definition will result in rather cryptic error Authentication failed: all available authentication mechanisms failed:
JBOSS-LOCAL-USER: Failed to read server challenge [Caused by /Users/Jarek/dev/wildfly-8.2.0.Final/standalone/tmp/auth/local2330515126078615287.challenge (System nie może odnaleźć określonej ścieżki)]
DIGEST-MD5: DIGEST-MD5: Cannot perform callback to acquire realm, authentication ID or password [Caused by]

When user name or password are present but invalid the error message is a little more useful Authentication failed: all available authentication mechanisms failed:
JBOSS-LOCAL-USER: Failed to read server challenge [Caused by /Users/Jarek/dev/wildfly-8.2.0.Final/standalone\tmp\auth\local6004500283609774891.challenge (System nie może odnaleźć określonej ścieżki)]
DIGEST-MD5: Server rejected authentication

Only components that are registered within the java:jboss/exported/ namespace are remote accessible via the naming service.


In WildFly, JMS bridge between local and remote destinations  jms/queue/sourceQ ⇒ jms/queue/targetQ with ONCE_AND_ONLY_ONCE QoS can be created with following CLI command

/subsystem=messaging/jms-bridge=jms-bridge-name/:add(source-destination="jms/queue/sourceQ", \ 
    source-connection-factory="ConnectionFactory", \
    target-destination="jms/queue/targetQ", \
    target-connection-factory="jms/RemoteConnectionFactory", \
    target-user="jmsuser", \
    target-password="pass", \
        "java.naming.factory.initial"="org.jboss.naming.remote.client.InitialContextFactory", \
        "java.naming.provider.url"="http-remoting://localhost:8080", \
        ""="jmsuser", \
        ""="pass"], \
    quality-of-service=ONCE_AND_ONLY_ONCE, \
    failure-retry-interval=10000, \
    max-retries=10, \
    max-batch-size=500, \
    max-batch-time=50, \

Setting up jTDS with Wildfly

Setting up jTDS JDBC driver and creating datasource in Wildfly is pretty easy with CLI. It involes installing JDBC driver

# Add jTDS JDBC driver as a module
module add --name=net.sourceforge.jtds --resources=/path/to/jtds.jar --dependencies=javax.api,javax.transaction.api
# Add driver configuration
if (outcome != success) of /subsystem=datasources/jdbc-driver=jTDS/:read-resource
    /subsystem=datasources/jdbc-driver=jTDS/:add(driver-name=jTDS, driver-module-name=net.sourceforge.jtds, driver-class-name=net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver, driver-xa-datasource-class-name=net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbcx.JtdsDataSource)

add adding datasource(s)

data-source add \
--name=[DsName] \
--driver-name=jTDS \
--share-prepared-statements=true \
--user-name=[DbUser] \
--password=[DbPass] \
--min-pool-size=1 \
--max-pool-size=50 \
--background-validation=true \
--background-validation-millis=600000 \